Turkalo has witnessed only two forest elephant births at her observation site.
One of them took place in 2009, when a 16-year-old named Maureena, shown at left here, had her first baby.
“Females usually avoid giving birth in the Bai,” Turkalo says, “because it’s too stressful with all the ruckus that goes on. There’s this huge interest in the newborn. The other elephants have to come touch it and smell it. You hear all this trumpeting and screaming. It’s like a reception committee.”