For over 30 years, the National Science Foundation has invested in high-performance computing, both pushing the frontiers of advanced computing hardware and software and providing access to supercomputers for researchers across a range of disciplines. Use of NSF-supported research cyberinfrastructure resources is at an all-time high and continues to increase across all science and engineering disciplines.
The following images showcase the striking beauty of big data visualizations produced by NSF-funded advanced computing resources and the range of disciplines that rely on these critical scientific tools.
Simulations help astrophysicists understand and model the turbulent mixing of star gases. This image, created at the Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center (PSC), depicts a 3-D mixing layer between two fluids of different densities in a gravitational field. In this case, a heavy gas is on top of a lighter one. This type of mixing plays an essential role in stellar convection.
Understanding mixing dynamics will help researchers with a long-term goal of visualizing the turbulent flows of an entire giant star, one similar to the sun. PSC is a leading partner in NSF’s eXtreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment (XSEDE), which provides researchers and educators with the most powerful collection of advanced digital resources in the world.
Researchers at National Center for Supercomputing Applications’ Advanced Visualization Laboratory are simulating events that trigger solar eruptions to aid prediction of future solar storms. Such advances will improve preparations to mitigate and prevent the storms’ worst effects such as knocking out the electric power grid and disrupting satellite communications.
From manufacturing to medicine, high-performance computing and the visualizations it enables are essential to scientific, engineering and societal advances. NSF will continue to support critical cyberinfrastructure resources to ensure the Nation maintains its leadership position in this vital area.
The images in this NSF gallery are copyrighted and may be used only for personal, educational and nonprofit/non-commercial purposes. Credits must be provided.