#44

Species Exposed!

The cover is blown on these creatures that have a particular set of skills.

By Sylvia Morrow|Thursday, February 01, 2018
RELATED TAGS: UNUSUAL ORGANISMS

Stealth, disguise and some good hiding spots had previously left these agents undetected. The species that scientists exposed and identified in 2017 had been squirreled away in all kinds of places, from the depths of remote oceans to right under our noses.

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César Villarroel/ExploraSub

Codename: Hoodwinker ocean sunfish
Name:
Mola tecta
Compromised:
July
Known territory: Southern Hemisphere
Physical characteristics: Weighs 2 tons; bizarre, flattened body
Notable skills/traits: EVASION: Researchers first caught wind of M. tecta in 2009, but the fish continued to evade them for years despite its massive size.

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Pengfei Fan

Codename: Skywalker hoolock gibbon
Name: Hoolock tianxing
Compromised: January
Known territory: Myanmar and southwestern China
Physical characteristics: Downturned white eyebrows
Notable skills/traits: ELITE STATUS: Tucked away in isolated mountains known as sky islands, these rare gibbons have taken careful tracking to find and identify. Biologists finally discovered them, but they’re already on the brink of being lost.

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Nick Kerhoulas

Codename: Humboldt’s flying squirrel
Name: Glaucomys oregonensis
Compromised: May
Known territory: Pacific Northwest
Physical characteristics: Webbed skin between limbs and torso, used for gliding down from heights
Notable skills/traits: CAMOUFLAGE/IMPERSONATION: Since the 1800s, G. oregonensis remained hidden among populations of other flying squirrels in the Pacific Northwest and Canada. However, recent genetic testing has outed G. oregonensis as a separate species.

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Ryan Ridenbaugh and Miles Zhang

Codename: Crypt-keeper wasp
Name: Euderus set
compromised: January
Known territory: Southeastern U.S.
Physical characteristics: Iridescent exoskeleton
Notable skills/traits: STEALTH ASSASSINATION AND IMPERSONATION: It wasn’t until one researcher happened upon this wasp’s home on a casual stroll that its cover was blown. E. set lays its eggs in the new, growing stems of oak trees, in which another wasp, the crypt gall wasp, has also laid its eggs. Just as the new generation of adult gall wasps bores its way out of the tree, newly hatched E. set wasps kill their hosts, eating their way through their victims’ bodies and hiding in the corpse until they reach maturity.

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Jannes Landscho and Rafael Lemaitre, Zookeys 676: 21–45 (2017)

Codename: Green-eyed hermit crab
Name: Paragiopagurus atkinsonae
Compromised: May
Known territory: South African coast
Physical characteristics: Green eyes; living shell composed of anemones held together by sand
Notable skills/traits: EVASION/CAMOUFLAGE: P. atkinsonae wasn’t spotted until 2012. It could have been just another hermit crab, but a researcher conducting a sea life survey spied P. atkinsonae’s signature green eyes. Much like M. tecta, it took experts another five years to root out this agent.

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