Using a particle accelerator, researchers in Australia uncovered a second woman’s face hiding beneath the 19th-century painting “Portrait of a Woman,” by
French impressionist Edgar Degas.
The researchers bombarded the painting with high-energy X-rays, causing the elements that make up the hidden pigments to fluoresce, or light up. Matching
the wavelengths to pigments from the period revealed a mystery woman, believed to be Emma Dobigny, a model popular with painters of the time.