This Means War!

Sites of ancient conflicts reignite a debate over when members of our species first took up arms against each other.

RELATED TAGS: ARCHAEOLOGY
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The skull, though weathered from millennia of brutal heat and scouring sands, is unmistakably human. Unmistakable, too, are the signs of a violent death: massive fractures from the blunt force of a weapon wielded by another human. The shattered cranium is one of several from a site in Kenya known as Nataruk, where, long ago, a band of hunter-gatherers met its end. Described in Nature in 2016, the remains are believed to be among the earliest evidence of human warfare. Although the terrain is ari...
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