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Meet Lucy’s Neighbor

Newly discovered fossil in Ethiopia joins other hominin contemporaries.

By Zach Zorich|Monday, November 30, 2015
RELATED TAGS: ARCHAEOLOGY, HUMAN ORIGINS
lucy-neighbor
lucy-neighbor
The partial jaw of new hominin Australopithecus deyiremeda (top) was found about 20 miles from the famous “Lucy” fossils by paleoanthropologist Yohannes Haile-Selassie.
Yohannes Haile-Selassie and Laura Dempsey/Cleveland Museum of Natural History

Some 40 years after the famous “Lucy” fossils were discovered, jawbones and teeth from another hominin species that lived at roughly the same time, and in the same area, have been uncovered in the Afar region of Ethiopia.

yohannes
yohannes
Yohannes Haile-Selassie
Yohannes Haile-Selassie and Laura Dempsey/Cleveland Museum of Natural History
Announced in May in Nature, the newly named Australopithecus deyiremeda lived between 3.3 million and 3.5 million years ago — more than 500,000 years before the first members of the Homo genus but as little as 100,000 years before Lucy, a member of A. afarensis.

Fossils from another hominin contemporary — Kenyanthropus platyops — were found in 1999 a few hundred miles to the south, in Kenya. A fourth hominin from the same period, A. bahrelghazali, was found in 1995 in Chad, more than a thousand miles to the west, although some researchers dispute the idea that all the fossils represent separate species.

But A. deyiremeda and its neighbors do indicate that hominins with ape-size brains had developed successful adaptations to different environments, says the study’s lead author Yohannes Haile-Selassie, a paleoanthropologist at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History. Like many of his colleagues, Haile-Selassie believes the fossils come from different species; which one of them evolved into our genus is a question that can only be answered through more discoveries.

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africa-map
Stefan Alfonso/iStock and Dan Bishop/Discover
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