It turns out the agar is the problem, says microbiologist Yoichi Kamagata at Hokkaido University in Japan.
The standard recipes require mixing agar and phosphate solution before sterilizing them via intense heat. But Kamagata and his team realized this sequence creates hydrogen peroxide, which destroys most of the cells. Sterilize the ingredients separately, and voila, a roughly tenfold increase in cell survival rates.
“I was thinking someone else would have done this kind of experiment, as we have 120 years of agar media history,” Kamagata says. “Nonetheless, nobody cared about the media recipe.”
[This article originally appeared in print as "Recipe for Success."]