Gulf War Illness Leaves a Mark on the Brain

The mysterious malady known as Gulf War illness causes structural changes in the brain. Can it be cured?

Carolyn Kroot was an energetic and ambitious National Guard member when she was deployed to the Persian Gulf in 1990 and 1991. Serving in a maintenance unit in the six-week campaign to drive Iraq out of Kuwait, she was never on the front lines and suffered no physical injuries. But when she returned home to Maine, she felt exhausted all the time. She started getting severe migraines, and she struggled to focus, to the point where she asked to forgo promotions. “Every day was a struggle,&rd...

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