Conquering Maxwell's Demon
A new mathematical model says physicist James Clerk Maxwell’s dream of order without effort could be theoretically possible.
Things get messier: Your office, the universe, even the air and dust in a room will become increasingly disorganized unless you or some cosmic force expends energy to clean it all up. This pesky fact of life — that disorder, or entropy, increases over time — is known as the second law of thermodynamics.
In the 1860s, physicist James Clerk Maxwell floated the idea of a hypothetical “neat-fingered demon” who could break the law by sorting hot and cold gas particles without ...
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