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Five of the Coolest Species Discovered in 2013

These critters have now been added to the 1.2 million species known to science.

By Allison Winter|Wednesday, January 15, 2014
Biologists have already cataloged and named nearly 1.2 million species, but they’ve just scratched the surface. Some estimates suggest the planet hosts nearly 7 million more creatures that have yet to be identified. These are just a few of the many species new to science in 2013.
NewSpecies1
NewSpecies1
Oleg Pekarsky, Aidas Saldaitis
Here comes the sun: An intricate wing pattern that includes orange spheres gave the sun moth, Stenoloba solaris, its name. Researchers from Lithuania and Hungary found the moth in the remote Baime Xue mountain range of China’s Yunnan province.
NewSpecies2
NewSpecies2
Bucknell University/DeeAnn Reeder
Holy bat genus: The striped bat, Niumbaha superba, found in South Sudan, actually constitutes a new genus: Its slightly shorter wings and more robust teeth earned the bat its own classification, according to a team from Pennsylvania’s Bucknell University.
NewSpecies3
NewSpecies3
A. R. Mendes Pontes/Federal University of Pernambuco/Brazil
Holding out hope: The hope porcupine, Coendou speratus, lives in trees along Brazil’s Northeastern Atlantic Coast, one of the world’s most threatened habitats. It was discovered by scientists from the country’s Universidade Federal de Pernambuco.
NewSpecies4
NewSpecies4
Philippe Verbelen
Hoot, there it is! A unique song tipped off a researcher from the Swedish Museum of Natural History to the Rinjani scops owl, or Otus jolandae, in the Gunung Rinjani National Park on the Indonesian island of Lombok. It had escaped scientific notice for so long because it looks very much like a related species.
NewSpecies5
NewSpecies5
Gennadiy Shandikov and Richard Eakin/Zoo Keys

One fish, plunderfish: Fishermen on the hunt for Antarctic toothfish hooked the foot-long hopbeard plunderfish, or Pogonophryne neyelovi, in deep waters. The pointy barbel extending from its chin qualifies it to join a genus including the shortbeard plunderfish, the brainbeard plunderfish and 19 others.

[This article originally appeared in print as "New Species."]

 

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