Recent UCLA graduate Aaron Koblin collected latitude, longitude, and altitude data of U.S. and Canadian flights from March 19, 2005, through the early morning of March 21, 2005. After parsing and plotting the enormous chunks of information, Koblin ended up with this depiction of 28 hours' worth of air traffic. In all, the number of flights recorded by the Federal Aviation Administration was more than 20,000.
1 EXPERIENCING TURBULENCE
Koblin used the Bézier method of curve analysis (which coincidentally is also used to design airplane bodies) to accentuate any flight plan changes hidden by the map's massive scale. Minor turbulence shows up as slight, undulating curves while major, more abrupt changes—such as avoiding heavy cloud cover or maneuvering to land—appear as radical loops. Here, international flights enter large holding patterns just before reaching New York City.
2 ROUND 'EM UP
Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport herded 85,907,423 passengers through its gates in 2005. It also hosted 980,197 combined takeoffs and landings in 2005, knocking Chicago O'Hare International Airport, with 972,246 takeoffs and landings, into second place for the first time in at least a decade. For the record, Dallas/Fort Worth ranks as the third busiest airport.
3 PLEASE BE PATIENT
O'Hare still takes the prize for the airport with the most delayed flights in the world, with 40.1 percent of its departures and 36.9 percent of its arrivals running late in November, the peak time for commercial air travel.
4 THE BLACK HOLE OF NEVADA
On average, according to the most recent U.S. census, less than one person per square mile lives in the Great Basin of Nevada. No passengers, no planes.
5 THE FEDEX EFFECT
In 2005 Memphis International Airport carted almost 4 million tons of cargo and mail on its runways—the most cargo of any airport in the world, beating even Hong Kong at 3.78 million tons. But as China's economy grows, more of its exports pass through Anchorage International Airport, making its chilly tarmac the third busiest in the world for cargo.
6 FANTASY ISLAND
These planes, which seem to arrive and depart a few hundred miles west of the California coast, apparently fare just fine on open ocean—there's no solid ground or runways here at all. Authorities offer no explanation beyond a data glitch. "It's highly unlikely," Koblin says, because devices on board report the data, "but it's possible."